¿What is obesity?
Obesity is a multifactorial chronic disease characterized by excessive body fat accumulation, promoting the development of metabolic and functional impairment, and decreasing life expectancy.
Diseases related to obesity are multiple, mainly:
- Type 2 Diabetes
- Hypertension / Cardiovascular Disease
- Dyslipidemia / High cholesterol and triglycerides
- Fatty liver
- Sleep apnea / Respiratory Diseases
- Gastroesophageal Reflux
- Some types of cancer
- Infertility / Menstrual Irregularities
Obesity also causes psychological problems:
- Low self-esteem
- Social isolation
How can I find out if I am obese?
The evaluation of excess body weight is performed using the classification of the WHO (World Health Organization) through the body mass index (BMI).
BMI is a screening tool that correlates weight to height, and is considered an accurate and reliable method.
You are obese if you have a BMI greater than 30 kg/m2; however to be a candidate for obesity surgery you must have:
- A BMI greater than or equal to 35 kg/m2 and experiencing related health conditions such as type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and triglycerides, sleep apnea, etc.)
- A BMI greater than or equal to 40 kg/m2 with or without related health conditions
Bariatric surgery offers many benefits, some of them are listed below:
- Improved overall health
- Improved quality of life
- Increased life expectancy
- Prevention and in some cases cure for some obesity related health conditions, such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and sleep apnea among others.
- Increased self-esteem